Large Dams in India

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DEFINITION OF LARGE DAMS FOR INCLUSION UNDER NRLD
As per International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) Specification
a) length of crest of the dam is not less than 500 metres or
b) capacity of the reservoir formed by the dam is not less than one million cubic metres or
c) the maximum flood discharge dealt with by the dam is not less than 2000 cubic metres per second or
d) the dam has specially difficult foundation problems, or
e) the dam is of unusual design

On review on consideration of “height” for arriving at whether dam is in category of Large dam or not the above definition has been retained for dams other than Earthen and Rock fill dams. For Earthen and Rock fill dams following definition of large dams has been adopted from "IS 12169-1987- criteria for design of small embankment dams" for inclusion under NRLD.

Large Dam

A dam exceeding 15m in height above deepest river bed level and a dam between 10 and 15 m height provided volume of earthwork exceeds 0.75 million m3 and storage exceeds 1 million m3 or the maximum flood discharge exceeds 2000 cumecs."

Large Dams
[height >=50 m]
#NamePurposeRiverNearest CityDistrictStateBasinStatusCompletion YearTypeLength (m)Max Height above Foundation (m)Design Gross Storage Capacity (MCM)
1Tehri Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationBhagirathiPratapnagarTehri GarhwalUttarakhandGangaCompleted2005Earthen / Gravity & Masonry575260.53540
2Lakhwar Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationYamunaDehradunDehradunUttarakhandGangaProposedEarthen / Gravity & Masonry451204587.84
3Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch Dam HydroelectricPeriyarTodupulaiIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1974Gravity & Masonry3661691998.57
4Bhakra Dam Hydroelectric,Irrigation,RecreationSatlujBilaspurBilaspurHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderCompleted1963Earthen / Gravity & Masonry518.16167.649867.84
5Pakal Dul Dam HydroelectricMarusudarKishtwarKishtwarJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderProposedEarthen / Gravity & Masonry305167.1254
6Sardar Sarover Gujarat Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationNarmadaRajpiplaNarmadaGujaratNarmadaCompletedGravity & Masonry12101639500
7Srisailam (N.S.R.S.P) Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationKrishnaNandikotkurKurnoolTelanganaKrishnaCompleted1984Earthen5121458724.88
8Ranjit Sagar Dam Flood Control,Hydroelectric,IrrigationRaviPathankotKathuaPunjabIndus up to International BorderCompleted1999Earthen6171453280
9Baglihar Dam HydroelectricCHENABRambanRambanJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderCompleted2009Gravity & Masonry364.362143475
10Chamera I Dam HydroelectricRaviBhattiyatChambaHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderCompleted1994Earthen / Gravity & Masonry295140242.3
11Cheruthoni (Eb) Dam HydroelectricCheruthoniTodupulaiIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1976Earthen / Gravity & Masonry651138.381998.57
12Pong Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationBeasDera GopipurKangraHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderCompleted1974Earthen / Gravity & Masonry1950.7132.598570
13Jamrani Dam IrrigationGolaNaini TalNainitalUttarakhandGangaProposed1990Gravity & Masonry465130.6
14Subansiri Lower HE (Nhpc) Dam HydroelectricSubansiriLower SubansiriLower SubansiriArunanchal PradeshBrahmaputraUnder Construction2014Gravity & Masonry2841301643
15Ramganga Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationRamgangaLansdowneGarhwalUttarakhandGangaCompleted1974Earthen630127.52448
16Nagarjuna Sagar Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationKrishnaGuruzalaGunturTelanganaKrishnaCompleted1974Earthen4865124.6611553
17Kakki (Eb) Dam HydroelectricKakkiRaniPathanamthittaKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1966Earthen / Gravity & Masonry336.19116.13454.07
18Nagi Dam IrrigationNagiJamuiJamuiBiharGangaCompleted1958Earthen1884113.5108
19Salal (Rockfill And Concrete ) Dam HydroelectricChenabGool Gulab GarhReasiJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderCompleted1986Earthen / Gravity & Masonry48711328.5
20Lakhya Dam Drinking / Water SupplyLakhya holeMudigereChikmagalurKarnatakaKrishnaCompleted1994Earthen1048108273.79
21Sholayar Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationSholayarPollachiCoimbatoreTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1971Earthen / Gravity & Masonry1244.18105.16152.48
22Koyna Dam HydroelectricKoynaPatanSataraMaharashtraKrishnaCompleted1964Earthen807.72103.022980.69
23Idamalayar (Eb) Dam HydroelectricIdamalayarDevikolamIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1985Earthen / Gravity & Masonry3731021208.23
24Supa Dam HydroelectricKali NadiSupaUttara KannadaKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted1987Gravity & Masonry331.291014178
25Karjan Dam IrrigationKarjanRajpiplaNarmadaGujaratNarmadaCompleted1987Earthen / Gravity & Masonry903100630
26Kulamavu (Eb) Dam HydroelectricKilivillithodeTodupulaiIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1977Gravity & Masonry3851001998.57
27Koteshwar Dam HydroelectricBhagirathiPratapnagarTehri GarhwalUttarakhandGangaCompletedGravity & Masonry300.597.588.9
28Lower : PPSP Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationKistobazar nallaPuruliyaPuruliyaWest BengalSubarnarekhaCompletedRockfill3109516
29Doyang Hep Dam Hydroelectric,Drinking / Water SupplyDoyangWokhaWokhaNagalandBrahmaputraCompletedEarthen46292565
30Rihand Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationRihandDudhiSonbhadraUttar PradeshGangaCompleted1962Gravity & Masonry93291.4610608.32
31Indira Sagar (NHDC) Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationNarmadaKhandwaEast NimarMadhya PradeshNarmadaCompleted2006Earthen / Gravity & Masonry65491.412220
32Warna Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationVarnaShahuwadiKolhapurMaharashtraKrishnaCompleted2000Earthen / Gravity & Masonry158088.8974.188
33Bhatsa Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationBhatsa and chornaShahapurThaneMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted1983Earthen / Gravity & Masonry95988.5976.1
34Pillur Dam HydroelectricBhavaniMettuppalaiyamCoimbatoreTamil NaduCauveryCompleted1967Gravity & Masonry3578844.4
35Upper Kodayar Dam HydroelectricKodayarKalkulamKanniyakumariTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1972Gravity & Masonry1668898.51
36 Hasdeo Bango (Minimata) Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationHasdeoKatghoraKorbaChhattisgarhMahanadiCompleted1990Earthen / Gravity & Masonry554.5873417
37Jakham Main Dam IrrigationJakham (mahi)PratapgarhPratapgarhRajasthanMahiCompleted1986Gravity & Masonry25387142.02
38Teesta -V (NHPC) Dam HydroelectricTeestaNorthNorthSikkimBrahmaputraCompleted2007Gravity & Masonry176.586.813.5
39Lower Ghatghar Dam HydroelectricShahi NallaShahapurThaneMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted2007Gravity & Masonry44986.143.21
40Kallada (Parappar) (Id) Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationKalladaPattanapuramKollamKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1986Gravity & Masonry33585.35524
41Madupetty (Eb) Dam HydroelectricPalarDevikolamIdukkiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1957Earthen / Gravity & Masonry237.7485.3455.4
42Parbati II Dam HydroelectricParbatiKulluKulluHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderUnder ConstructionGravity & Masonry101.5856.55
43Chakra Dam IrrigationChakraHosanagaraShimogaKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1985Rockfill57084222.6
44Bandardhara Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationParavaraAkolaAhmadnagarMaharashtraGodavariCompleted1926Gravity & Masonry271782.35312.6
45Lower Vaitarna Dam Drinking / Water SupplyVaitarnaShahapurThaneMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriCompleted1954Gravity & Masonry567.0782204.98
46Ukai Dam Flood Control,Hydroelectric,IrrigationTapiSongadhTapiGujaratTapiCompleted1972Earthen / Gravity & Masonry4927818510
47Upper Aliyar Dam HydroelectricAliyarPollachiCoimbatoreTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariCompleted1971Gravity & Masonry3158126.57
48Aruna Dam Hydroelectric,IrrigationArunaVaibhavwadiSindhudurgMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriEarthen124080.4193.378
49Upper Bhavani Dam HydroelectricBhavaniUdagamandalamThe NilgirisTamil NaduCauveryCompleted1965Gravity & Masonry41980101.2
50Pare Dam (Pare HE project) Dikrong CompletedGravity & Masonry152.27819.63
(Source: India-WRIS WebGIS)

Other links

  1. National register of large dams [Link]
  2. India-WRISWater Resources Information System of India: Water Resources Projects sub-information system [Link]
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