Large Dams in India

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As per International Commission on Large Dams (ICOLD) Specification
a) length of crest of the dam is not less than 500 metres or
b) capacity of the reservoir formed by the dam is not less than one million cubic metres or
c) the maximum flood discharge dealt with by the dam is not less than 2000 cubic metres per second or
d) the dam has specially difficult foundation problems, or
e) the dam is of unusual design

On review on consideration of “height” for arriving at whether dam is in category of Large dam or not the above definition has been retained for dams other than Earthen and Rock fill dams. For Earthen and Rock fill dams following definition of large dams has been adopted from "IS 12169-1987- criteria for design of small embankment dams" for inclusion under NRLD.

Large Dam

A dam exceeding 15m in height above deepest river bed level and a dam between 10 and 15 m height provided volume of earthwork exceeds 0.75 million m3 and storage exceeds 1 million m3 or the maximum flood discharge exceeds 2000 cumecs."

Table1: Large dams of India
[Dams with height 50 m and above]
Sl.No.Dam NameCompletion YearRiverNearest cityStateBasinTypeHeight (m)Length (m)Storage capacity (MCM)Purpose
1Tehri Dam 2005BhagirathiPratapnagarUttarakhandGangaTE + PG260.55753540Hydroelectric,Irrigation
2Lakhwar Dam U/CYamunaDehradunUttarakhandGangaTE + PG204451587.84Hydroelectric,Irrigation
3Idukki (Eb)/Idukki Arch Dam 1974PeriyarTodupulaiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG1693661998.57Hydroelectric
4Bhakra Dam 1963SatlujBilaspurHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderTE + PG167.64518.169867.84Hydroelectric,Irrigation,Recreation
5Pakal Dul Dam U/CMarusudarKishtwarJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderTE + PG167305.1254Hydroelectric
6Sardar Sarover Gujarat Dam U/CNarmadaRajpiplaGujaratNarmadaPG16312109500Hydroelectric,Irrigation
7Srisailam (N.S.R.S.P) Dam 1984KrishnaNandikotkurTelanganaKrishnaTE1455128724.88Hydroelectric,Irrigation
8Ranjit Sagar Dam 1999RaviPathankotPunjabIndus up to International BorderTE1456173280Flood Control,Hydroelectric,Irrigation
9Baglihar Dam 2009CHENABRambanJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderPG143364.362475Hydroelectric
10Chamera I Dam 1994RaviBhattiyatHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderTE + PG140295242.3Hydroelectric
11Cheruthoni (Eb) Dam 1976CheruthoniTodupulaiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG138.386511998.57Hydroelectric
12Pong Dam 1974BeasDera GopipurHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderTE + PG132.591950.78570Hydroelectric,Irrigation
13Jamrani Dam 1990GolaNaini TalUttarakhandGangaPG130.6465---Irrigation
14Subansiri Lower HE (Nhpc) Dam 2014SubansiriLower SubansiriArunachal PradeshBrahmaputraPG1302841643Hydroelectric
15Ramganga Dam 1974RamgangaLansdowneUttarakhandGangaTE127.56302448Hydroelectric,Irrigation
16Nagarjuna Sagar Dam 1974KrishnaGuruzalaTelanganaKrishnaTE124.66486511553Hydroelectric,Irrigation
17Kakki (Eb) Dam 1966KakkiRaniKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG116.13336.19454.07Hydroelectric
18Nagi Dam 1958NagiJamuiBiharGangaTE113.51884108Irrigation
19Salal (Rockfill And Concrete ) Dam 1986ChenabGool Gulab GarhJammu & KashmirIndus up to International BorderTE + PG11348728.5Hydroelectric
20Lakhya Dam 1994Lakhya holeMudigereKarnatakaKrishnaTE1081048273.79Water Storage
21Sholayar Dam 1971SholayarPollachiTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG105.161244.18152.48Hydroelectric,Irrigation
22Koyna Dam 1964KoynaPatanMaharashtraKrishnaTE103.02807.722980.69Hydroelectric
23Idamalayar (Eb) Dam 1985IdamalayarDevikolamKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG1023731208.23Hydroelectric
24Supa Dam 1987Kali NadiSupaKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriPG101331.294178Hydroelectric
25Karjan Dam 1987KarjanRajpiplaGujaratNarmadaTE + PG100903630Irrigation
26Kulamavu (Eb) Dam 1977KilivillithodeTodupulaiKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG1003851998.57Hydroelectric
27Koteshwar Dam U/CBhagirathiPratapnagarUttarakhandGangaPG97.5300.588.9Hydroelectric
28Lower : PPSP Dam U/CKistobazar nallaPuruliyaWest BengalSubarnarekhaER9531016Hydroelectric,Irrigation
29Doyang Hep Dam U/CDoyangWokhaNagalandBrahmaputraTE92462565Hydroelectric,Water Storage
30Rihand Dam 1962RihandDudhiUttar PradeshGangaPG91.4693210608.32Hydroelectric,Irrigation
31Indira Sagar (NHDC) Dam 2006NarmadaKhandwaMadhya PradeshNarmadaTE + PG91.465412220Hydroelectric,Irrigation
32Warna Dam 2000VarnaShahuwadiMaharashtraKrishnaTE + PG88.81580974.188Hydroelectric,Irrigation
33Bhatsa Dam 1983Bhatsa and chornaShahapurMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriTE + PG88.5959976.1Hydroelectric,Irrigation
34Pillur Dam 1967BhavaniMettuppalaiyamTamil NaduCauveryPG8835744.4Hydroelectric
35Upper Kodayar Dam 1972KodayarKalkulamTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG8816698.51Hydroelectric
36Minimata (Hasdeo) Bango Dam 1990HasdeoKatghoraChhattisgarhMahanadiTE + PG87554.53417Hydroelectric,Irrigation
37Jakham Main Dam 1986Jakham (mahi)PratapgarhRajasthanMahiPG87253142.02Irrigation
38Teesta -V (NHPC) Dam 2007TeestaNorthSikkimBrahmaputraPG86.8176.513.5Hydroelectric
39Lower Ghatghar Dam 2007Shahi NallaShahapurMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriPG86.144493.21Hydroelectric
40Kallada (Parappar) (Id) Dam 1986KalladaPattanapuramKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG85.35335524Hydroelectric,Irrigation
41Madupetty (Eb) Dam 1957PalarDevikolamKeralaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariTE + PG85.34237.7455.4Hydroelectric
42Parbati II Dam U/CParbatiKulluHimachal PradeshIndus up to International BorderPG85101.56.55Hydroelectric
43Chakra Dam 1985ChakraHosanagaraKarnatakaWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariER84570222.6Irrigation
44Bandardhara Dam 1926ParavaraAkolaMaharashtraGodavariPG82.352717312.6Hydroelectric,Irrigation
45Lower Vaitarna Dam 1954VaitarnaShahapurMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriPG82567.07204.98Water Storage
46Ukai Dam 1972TapiSongadhGujaratTapiTE + PG8149278510Flood Control,Hydroelectric,Irrigation
47Upper Aliyar Dam 1971AliyarPollachiTamil NaduWest flowing rivers from Tadri to KanyakumariPG8131526.57Hydroelectric
48Aruna Dam U/CArunaVaibhavwadiMaharashtraWest flowing rivers from Tapi to TadriTE80.41124093.378Hydroelectric,Irrigation
49Upper Bhavani Dam 1965BhavaniUdagamandalamTamil NaduCauveryPG80419101.2Hydroelectric
50Podagada Dam 1996PodagadaNabarangapurOdishaGodavariTE77.54622300Hydroelectric,Irrigation
ABBREVIATION: #Earthen:TE #Rockfill:ER #Gravity/Masonry:PG #U/C: Under Construction
(Source: India-WRIS WebGIS)

Other links

  1. National register of large dams [Link]
  2. India-WRISWater Resources Information System of India: Water Resources Projects sub-information system [Link]
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